WK11- Artist Conversation – Yujia Gu

A recurring theme in the United States is Gun Violence. This issue has become more prevalent after every year.

There were approximately 8,500 homicides due to firearms in 2011, out of around 12,600 homicides total. This means that more than two-thirds of homicides involve a firearm. Around 6,000 of those homicides by firearm (72%) are known to have involved a handgun.

Firearm savagery additionally influences more than its casualties. In ranges where it is pervasive, quite recently the danger of brutality makes neighborhoods poorer. It’s extremely hard to evaluate the aggregate damage brought about by weapon viciousness, however by asking many individuals the amount they would pay to stay away from this danger – a strategy called unexpected valuation – scientists have assessed a cost to American culture of $100 billion dollars.

In an online article, “The Atlantic,” (https://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2013/02/gun-violence-in-america-the-13-key-questions-with-13-concise-answers/272727/) :

How do mass shootings differ from other types of gun violence?

The FBI defines a “mass murder” as four or more murders during the same incident. This is an arbitrary number, but a dividing line is useful when asking whether there are differences between mass shootings and other kinds of gun violence. The most comprehensive public list of U.S. mass shootings is the spreadsheet of 62 incidents from 1982-2012, compiled by Mother Jones. Their list shows:

  • Mass shootings happen all over the country.
  • Killers used a semi-automatic handgun in 75% of incidents, which is about the same percentage as the 72% in overall gun violence.
  • Killers used an assault weapon in 40% of incidents. This is much higher than overall assault weapon use in crimes, estimated at less than 2%.
  • The guns were obtained legally in 79% of mass shootings.
  • Many of the shooters showed signs of mental illness, but in only two cases was there a prior diagnosis.
  • There were no cases where an armed civilian fired back.

2012 was the worst year in American history, in terms of total victims. A graph of yearly victims shows a slight upward trend. But the pattern is a lot less clear without the 2012 peak, and because yearly numbers vary so widely, it’s likely that there will be many fewer victims next year.”

 

 

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